Formula 1 car brakes system
As per some of the blog readers request about article on formula 1 car brakes, I am posting it in a friendly way so every one can understand.
In this article i’m going to explain what is formula one car, Formula 1 car brakes & working and its 20 unknown facts.
First, let me start with the scratch.
what is Formula 1 car?
FORMULA 1 CAR
Formula 1 is a unique type of car which is considered special because of its majestic design.
It features one seat and has an open cockpit.
In addition to that, formula 1 is an open wheel and a aerodynamically designed racing car.
It features rear and front wings, and has its engine behind the driver.
The car is unique because it is designed for a multipurpose like aerodynamic, research, speed etc.
It is not comfort car, rather it is meant for vigorous and dangerous racing however due to norms it is now safe racing.
These cars are designed for Formula 1 racing competition which is called as a championship car, and it is designed to suit each championship racing.
It is designed according to the regulations governing each championship every year by FIA.
In fact, racing teams have the responsibility of constructing such cars, but they usually outsource it to manufacturing companies. These companies ensure that it satisfies the racing competition.
Fundamentally, these cars might not be different from other cars out there.
This is because they use almost the same technology such as transmissions, combustion engines, as well as braking system and suspension system and so on.
This is where you get the similarities between Formula 1 car and other regular cars out there.
The purpose of the car is not for casual driving. Every part of tooled and tweaked towards the competition the cars will face. It is a speed car.
It is designed in such a way that it must accelerate pass other cars for the same type of competition and keeping to the rules in the process.
The cars are composed of very important parts such as the chassis, engine, braking system and so on.
These important components must be tweaked according to each championship regulations.
It is possible that what is obtained in one year will not be the same with the next year design.
The most important thing is that designers must always bear the rules and regulations in mind while designing this kind of sports car.
Formula 1 car brakes
One of the most important component of Formula 1 car is the braking system.
While designing the car, manufacturers must pay attention to the braking system.
Formula 1 car has disc braking system which is not different from what you get in road cars but the built is almost different.
It features rotating discs, which are often attached to the car wheels. They work on hydraulic caliper. Because of the effectiveness of the braking system, it has to be applied with care because applying the brake with force or pressure can cause the car to spin and this often results in accidents.
Too much braking system is not good for the car because it can easily overpower the grip level of the tire and because of that, it can slip and cause an accident.
Previously to deal with the problem, such cars often use anti skid braking system. This method was meant to reduce the braking pressure, and makes the car easier to control.
However, This system was no longer allowed from the 1990s.
This makes the braking system the most difficult tests for drivers. It helps to determine the driving skills. You can gain and lose significant amount of time depending on how you can control and manage the braking system.
Because of that, while designing the braking system; it is important that manufacturers pay special attention to the technical regulations for that.
Here are some of the basic facts they must pay specific attention to while designing the effective braking system, and they are as follows:
First is that formula 1 cars must be designed with one braking system and the braking system must work with a single brake pedal. Manufacturers must consider this.
Secondly, the braking system must compose of two hydraulic circuits.
These circuits are for the two wheels, which include the front wheel, as well as the rear wheel. The essence is to ensure that the circuit does not disappoint. When one circuit fails then the driver can rely on the other circuit.
Thirdly, as pointed out before, designers must ensure that they do not include the anti lock braking system also known as the ABS this is because it is no longer allowed in this kind of competition as it is considered as driver’s aid.
The brake system is such that the pressure has to be controlled by the driver through his physical and mental input. This helps to determine the efficacy and the driving skill of the driver.
The exception to the rule includes the electronic rear brake system. This is a compensation for the energy recovery effect of the axle rear.
The competition allows the rear braking control system. However, to use that, this braking system is linked to the hydraulic master cylinder, where the pressure comes from.
Furthermore, the regulation requires that every wheel should have one brake disc composed of 278mm diameter maximum as well as 32m thickness maximum. The rule further requires that every disc should have just one aluminum caliper and this has six circular pistons maximum, and should not contain two braking pads.
Air pacts are not used to control or cool the braking system and the design is such that it does not protrude above the wheels. Liquids are not allowed to be used to cool the system.
Furthermore, the rules have it that the Formula 1 braking system should not be designed to stop the wheel from locking anytime the pressure is applied by the driver.
F1 car brakes working 2018
Each year, new rules are introduced to govern the F1 car braking system for the competition of that year.
The working rules for 2018, as regards to the braking system are already discussed above and there is no need to repeat that points here.
Rules as regarding the braking system have not actually changed much.
However, there were drastic changes in some of the rules in the previous year, which was 2017 and there are enough reasons for such changes.
The rules revolved mainly on the tires and the aerodynamics. However, the changes in these areas will have an effect on the braking system, and it is important that fans understand this aspect very well.
It is expected the braking torque forces could be higher than the twenty-five percent, which it was in the previous year.
For the braking system, this has a huge implication. This will mean that there will be a change in the braking discs. The maximum thickness could increase from 28mm to about 32mm.
This will mean that drivers will add more pressure or that they have to stamp the brake harder. This makes for an increased grip. The rules, which came into effect in the previous year are expected to be maintained this current season. This could affect the circuits’ nature. It could make the braking circuit system to be tougher.
The braking systems will be more complex than it was. It is going to affect the ducts and the braking system, especially on how they affect the tire temperature and aerodynamic performance. The teams would agree on these as it would significantly impact the campaign ahead.
Twenty-five percent leaps or increase in the brake force could be good because it could address some of the difficulties encountered in the braking system. This could mean that Formula One cars could be quicker this year.
This could mean that there could be technical changes in the rules as well.
When there is an increase in force as it applies to the brake system, the maximum disc width will then increase.
This means larger size and that equally implies more flexibility on its cooling holes. This will be the case when the number increases from 1200 to 1500.
The implication of thicker disc is that more cooling will become possible. Furthermore, the braking valve will be stronger because of the expected increase in the braking torque system.
The disc has to be designed according to the new braking force.
THE BIG IMPACT
The overtaking is one area where the braking system will have a big impact. Cars are expected to be faster and spectacular in the way they approach the competition.
The question is whether the changes are going to make the racing better.
While it can increase the speed, it will not affect the overtaking impact.
It is expected that this will make it very difficult for drivers to follow one another in their competition.
With shorter braking distance, it means that driving skill will be tested more because it could make things tougher than before.
This is because it will make it increasingly difficult for you to overtake your opponent in the competition.
F1 car braking unknown facts
There are certain facts about Formula 1 car brakes system, which you need to know. Here are some of them:
- Formula 1 car brakes system disc size is 28mm in thickness as well as 278mm in diameter. Most importantly, these are manufactured from the finest quality carbon fiber material currently available in the industry.
- Furthermore, pads and discs are presently available on carbon to carbon in F1 your Formula One cars and these are manufactured by Hitco, as well as Bromeo carbon industry.
- Carbon to carbon is unique because research has shown that it is very light when compared to others. The weight is at least half of the weight of other kind of materials.
- Carbon brake is different from others because the minimum pressure of that brake is 500 degrees and this is required before the system can work to your satisfaction.
- During braking, carbon to carbon working temperature is put at one thousand degrees. This is higher than that of aluminum. Research has shown that aluminum can melt at 659 degrees.
- When the system is braking, the temperature could be as much as 1200 degrees. This is even greater than the melting point of gold, which is put at 1063 degrees.
- Furthermore, there is a danger associated with carbon braking system. The system can overact and this has its negative consequences. This means that the braking system can fail at a time you least expect it and the consequence is that it can spark a fire.
- The system makes use of two braking hydraulic circuits, which include the front circuit for the front wheel, as well as the rear circuit for the rear wheel. The essence of the two circuits is to ensure that the braking system does not all disappoint at the same time. When the rear braking system fails the front one will be there to provide the required support.
- Formula 1 car brakes system is more expensive and it can cost several thousands of dollars. The costs depend on the manufacturer as well as on the holing system and so on.
- Manufacturing a single brake disc for Formula 1 car is time consuming. This is because it takes as much as half a year to produce one. It can take a team about 240 disc brakes for one season. This translates to 120 yearly.
- F1 cars can take as much as 3 GS to 5 Gs. This is even greater than what you get from a space shuttle, which can boast of 3.5Gs.
- Furthermore, for this car to complete a course, it can take just four seconds to complete about 300km/hr. This is what it takes the system to have a complete halt.
- If the car is accelerating at about 200km for an hour, it will take about 2.9 seconds for the car to come to a halt and at that, it must have covered a space of at least sixty five meters.
- In the same way, if the Formula 1 car is moving at the speed of 100km for an hour, it will require about 1.4 seconds for the system to come to a stop completely. At that speed, the car would have covered a space of 17 meters.
These are some of the basic facts about Formula 1 car brakes system, which you need to know. There could be several others and you need to research them to understand them better.
If you like this article please support us by sharing this with your social media account.
Let’s know about DIFFERENT TYPES OF FMEA – FAILURE MODE EFFECT ANALYSIS